Learning a new language is a thrilling adventure, opening doors to new cultures, perspectives, and connections. It gives us a sense of accomplishment when we are able to hold a conversation in Spanish. It can teach us how to be better listeners, open our minds to different ways of life, and teach us empathy. We can benefit from all the astonishing benefits of speaking a second language, like increased creativity, problem solving skills and fighting off natural age related decline. 


However, this journey is not without its challenges, and frustrations often accompany the quest for linguistic proficiency. From mastering tricky grammar rules to grappling with pronunciation, language learners encounter numerous hurdles that can lead to moments of exasperation. This is normal and we have all been there!


In this article, we explore the common frustrations of learning a language and provide strategies to overcome them. And sometimes it just helps to know you are not the only one. 


  • Grammar:

One of the primary sources of frustration for language learners is the intricate dance of grammar rules. Navigating verb conjugations, sentence structures, and grammatical exceptions can feel like a daunting task. Many times there are language structures that don’t even exist in our mother tongue. To overcome this frustration,  start by giving yourself a break! Grammar is hard. Understanding a whole new language structure (subjunctive anyone?) while trying to translate it at the same time can make you feel exhausted at first.  Break down grammar concepts into smaller, more manageable chunks. Focus on one tense or rule at a time, practice consistently, and celebrate small victories. Don't overthink grammar! It will come with time and practice! Yes, it is helpful to study grammar but it absolutely must be accompanied with speaking and practice.  Real conversations with real people!


  • Pronunciation:

Mastering the sounds of a new language can be a formidable challenge. As adults we may not quite have the ear to hear those sounds that are unique to the Spanish language. The frustration of not sounding quite like a native speaker can be disheartening. Maybe we feel silly trying to roll our r’s like a native, or we don’t know exactly when to pronounce the -h in Spanish. Don’t worry - people are patient when listening to a foreign speaker, especially if they see you are enthusiastic about learning their language! And even if they do giggle, it’s not mean spirited, just laugh along with them and have fun with it! Let’s get real for a minute, the truth is you will not sound sophisticated speaking your first words and sentences of a second language! Nobody does! That is one of the most beautiful parts of the process! It gives us a chance to develop listening skills.  And we get out of our comfort zone - a very healthy place to be as it helps us grow as humans - as well as in our language learning journey! 


  • Vocabulary:

The sheer volume of vocabulary to be memorized can overwhelm language learners. From common words to more obscure terms, the task seems never-ending. Create a personalized vocabulary list, categorize words based on themes, and employ memory aids such as flashcards. Consistent exposure through reading, listening, and speaking will reinforce your vocabulary and make retention more manageable. The more exposure you have to the language, the better! Get creative with this and do what works for you! Some people like to watch movies with subtitles, some people read bilingual books or listen to podcasts. It is important to keep language learning relevant! If you are not necessarily interested in what you are learning, you may lose steam! So learn about topics that interest you! 


  • Plateaus in Progress:

This is where most people fall off the language learning wagon. Sometimes it feels like we are doing everything right - studying, reading, watching movies, taking classes, etc. And yet we don’t feel like we are advancing. Reaching a plateau in language learning is a totally natural part of the process, and very common, but can be very frustrating nonetheless. Learners may feel stuck, unable to advance to a higher level of proficiency. We can break through these plateaus by diversifying our learning methods. Incorporate new resources, engage with native speakers, and challenge yourself with more complex content. Set realistic goals and celebrate the progress you make, no matter how incremental. Remember that right after one of these very annoying plateaus, you will reach a new level! So don’t give up! Look how far you have come!


  • Fear of Making Mistakes:

The fear of making mistakes can be paralyzing for language learners. However, mistakes are an inherent part of the learning process. Embrace them as opportunities to learn and refine your skills. Create a supportive learning environment where errors are viewed as stepping stones to improvement rather than obstacles. When you make a mistake you have the opportunity to learn! Remember that the focus should be on communicating, not speaking perfectly! Nobody speaks a language perfectly, we all have different ways of communicating. The purpose of language is connecting with other people to talk about ideas, plans, desires etc. We must take the focus off saying a perfect sentence and start concentrating on getting our ideas across. When we do that, we can really begin to grow. 


  • Cultural Disconnect:

Language is deeply entwined with culture, and misunderstandings can arise due to cultural differences. Overcome this frustration by immersing yourself in the culture. Watch films, read books, and engage in cultural activities. Building cultural awareness will not only enhance your language skills but also foster a deeper appreciation for the nuances embedded in the language.


While frustrations in language learning are inevitable, they need not be roadblocks on your journey to fluency. Embrace challenges as opportunities for growth, stay persistent in your efforts, and celebrate small victories along the way. Remember that language learning is a dynamic and ongoing process, and each obstacle you overcome brings you one step closer to fluency. By adopting a positive mindset and employing effective strategies, you can navigate these frustrations and emerge as a confident and proficient language learner.

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About the author

Julia Steffen

Hi! I’m Julia. I am fascinated and passionate about anything that has to do with languages, especially Spanish! I have loved the process of learning Spanish and all the experiences that it has brought to my life, especially raising bilingual children! My desire in this blog is to share my experience and knowledge about learning Spanish as a second language with you. I hope to inspire people to plant the seeds of bilingualism, and over time see those seeds grow!